Although Nicephore Niepce is credited as the inventor of photography he experimented with early photography techniques throughout the s the earliest surviving photograph dates from around , his photographs required an extremely long exposure time and the results were imperfect. Louis Daguerre refined Niepce's work during the s resulting in the creation of the daguerreotype which only needed a few minutes of exposure and produced a sharp, clear image. The details of this process were released in and this date is considered to be the start of photography as a viable medium. Subsequent discoveries and developments, including those by Henry Fox Talbot, continued to make photography easier and more affordable.
How Abstract Expressionism changed modern art | Blog | Royal Academy of Arts
The term American Regionalism refers to a realistic style of painting that began around and became popular during the Great Depression. Although urban subjects were included, the most popular themes of Regionalism were rural communities and everyday situations. Rather than a deliberate movement, guided by a manifesto or unified agenda, it developed organically through the works of Thomas Hart Benton, Grant Wood, and John Steuart Curry who were dubbed the "Regionalist Triumvirate. These three men dominated the movement; although other artists were briefly associated with Regionalism, most remained limited to their local communities or else passed through to other styles for their mature career. In the s, at the beginning of their careers, Wood, Benton, and Curry studied art in France and were influenced by a number of earlier and contemporary artists. Georges Seurat's pointillist works influenced Wood, as seen in his Spotted Man though Wood was also drawn to the works of the contemporary German movement, Neue Sachlichkeit , or New Objectivity. Indeed, Wood's Stone City, Iowa continued to reflect this influence, and this landscape was even featured on the cover of a German newspaper in an issue devoted to Neue Sachlichkeit.
How Abstract Expressionism changed modern art