Three of the world's major religions -- the monotheist traditions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam -- were all born in the Middle East and are all inextricably linked to one another. Christianity was born from within the Jewish tradition, and Islam developed from both Christianity and Judaism. While there have been differences among these religions, there was a rich cultural interchange between Jews, Christians, and Muslims that took place in Islamic Spain and other places over centuries. Judaism is the oldest surviving monotheistic religion, arising in the eastern Mediterranean in the second millennium B. Abraham is traditionally considered to be the first Jew and to have made a covenant with God.
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Explanation of Sources of Material Here. See the Help! The Modern History Sourcebook works as follows:. In addition to the above structure, there are a series of pages to help teacher and students. This project is both very large and fairly old in Internet terms.
According to the decline thesis, following a golden age associated with the reign of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent r. However, by , historians had begun to reexamine the fundamental assumptions of the decline thesis. After the publication of numerous new studies throughout the s, s, and s, and the reexamination of Ottoman history through the use of previously untapped sources and methodologies, academic historians of the Ottoman Empire achieved a consensus that the entire notion of Ottoman decline was a myth — that in fact, the Ottoman Empire did not stagnate or decline at all, but rather continued to be a vigorous and dynamic state long after the death of Suleiman the Magnificent.
Remote sensing in geology is remote sensing used in the geological sciences as a data acquisition method complementary to field observation , because it allows mapping of geological characteristics of regions without physical contact with the areas being explored. First, the intensities of reflectance at different wavelengths are detected, and plotted on a spectral reflectance curve. This helps geomorphological studies of ground motion, and thus can illuminate deformations associated with landslides , earthquakes , etc.