Transhumanism is a philosophical movement, the proponents of which advocate and predict the enhancement of the human condition by developing and making widely available sophisticated technologies able to greatly enhance longevity, mood and cognitive abilities. Transhumanist thinkers study the potential benefits and dangers of emerging technologies that could overcome fundamental human limitations as well as the ethics  of using such technologies. Another topic of transhumanist research is how to protect humanity against existential risks , such as nuclear war or asteroid collision. The contemporary meaning of the term "transhumanism" was foreshadowed by one of the first professors of futurology , a man who changed his name to FM In the s, he taught "new concepts of the human" at The New School when he began to identify people who adopt technologies, lifestyles and worldviews "transitional" to posthumanity as " transhuman ". Influenced by seminal works of science fiction , the transhumanist vision of a transformed future humanity has attracted many supporters and detractors from a wide range of perspectives, including philosophy and religion.
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Clash of Civilizations - Wikipedia
Anti-psychiatry is a broad movement based on the view that psychiatric treatment is more often damaging than helpful to patients. Followers of anti-psychiatry are motivated by a diverse set of objections. Objections encompass the whole range of controversies about psychiatry. They may include concerns about the effectiveness and potential harm of treatments; for example, followers of anti-psychiatry may point out dangerous procedures. More commonly, however, activists focus on philosophical and ethical concerns about both the nature of psychiatry and its practices.
Clash of Civilizations
The Chachapoyas , also called the "Warriors of the Clouds", was a culture of the Andes living in the cloud forests of the southern part of the Department of Amazonas of present-day Peru. The Inca Empire conquered their civilization shortly before the Spanish conquest in the 16th century. At the time of the arrival of the conquistadors , the Chachapoyas were one of the many nations ruled by the Incas, although their incorporation had been difficult due to their constant resistance to Inca troops. Since the Incas and conquistadors were the principal sources of information on the Chachapoyas, there is little first-hand or contrasting knowledge of the Chachapoyas.
Born in Trier , Germany , Marx studied law and philosophy at university. He married Jenny von Westphalen in Due to his political publications, Marx became stateless and lived in exile with his wife and children in London for decades, where he continued to develop his thought in collaboration with German thinker Friedrich Engels and publish his writings, researching in the reading room of the British Museum. His best-known titles are the pamphlet The Communist Manifesto and the three-volume Das Kapital —